First Aid Tips and Facts:

Rautek:An emergency transport grip used to move a victim from an accident to a safe location.
Chin lift:You clear the airway to check the breathing.
Report to 112:Reporting to the emergency services; Who, Where, What.
Stable side position:By placing the victim like this, the airway remains clear, and the victim cannot choke.
Cardiac arrest / circulatory arrest:The heart beats very fast and contracts uncontrollably, preventing proper blood circulation.
Gasping:Resembles gasping for breath but is not! Start resuscitation immediately! This occurs is the first few minutes after circulatory arrest.
Resuscitate:Trying to restart the heart after cardiac arrest.
Chest compressions:Used duringresuscitation. Place the heel of your hand in the middle of the chest and hook your other hand into this hand. Give compressions of 5 to 6 cm deep.
Ventilation during resuscitation:Pinch the victim’s nose closed and place your mouth. Blow gently and evenly for 1 second, check if the chest rises. 2 breaths per cycle.
Ineffective ventilation:Unable to ventilate? Check with the chin lift if the airwat is clear.
Ventilation mask:Hygiene protection during ventilation.
AED:Automatic Electric Defibrillator. Can deliver a shock to victims with uncontrolled heart contractions.
Electrodes:Transmit the AED’s shock to the body. Attach them to a bare chest, just below the right collarbone and the lowerm left chest.
Hematoma:Internal beelding ( also known as a bruise).
Active bleeding:A severe external bleeding.
Arterial bleeding:Blood flows continuously from the wound.
Artery bleeding:Blood pulsates from the wound.
Severe bleeding:A large wound that doesn’t stop bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound.
Pressure dressing:Consists of a cover bandage and a pressure bandage.
Cover dressing/sterile dressing:Consists of a gauze pad, white cotton wool, and a hydrophilic bandage.
Pressure bandage:Consists of a cover dressing and an elastic bandage. The pressure bandage is applied over the cover dressing.
Sling or traingular bandage:Provides rest and support to a body part.
Broad bandage: Fold a triangular bandage into a broad strip; the support is at the wrist.
Shock:A deficit in the body’s circulating fluid volume.
Cardiogenic shock:Result of a poorly functioning heart.
Hypovolemic shock:Insufficient circulating blood volume.
Neurogenic shock:Blood vessels dilate due to inadequate control of the blood vessel nerves.
Anaphylactic shock:Acute and very severe allergic reaction to a foreign substance.
Insect stings and bites:Pay attention to the location of the sting. Some insects can transmit diseases.
Signs of shock:Pale or ashen skin color, cold, clammy, and sweating, conscious victim is thirsty and restless, limp and powerless, confused and anxious, decreased consciousness.
Hypothermai:A lower body temperature than normal for a human.
Burn:Remember! Water, water, water, the rest comes later!!!
First-degree burn:The skin is red, slightly swollen, and painful.
Second-degree burn:Blisters or peeled skin and painful.
Third-degree burn:The skin is gray/white or black, feels non-painful.
Electrical burn:Look for an entry and exit point. There is also a risk of internal burn or arrhythmias.
Chemical burn:Clothes and jewelry should be removed. Ensure that the chemical does not run over unaffected skin while rinsing.
Metaline gauze:This is the best way to dress the burn.
Coughing:This is how the body tries to clear the airway.
Back blows:A maximum of 5 blows to the back between the shoulder blades; check after each blow if the object is removed.
Abdominal thrust:Use when choking. Previously called Heimlich maneuver. Make a fist and place it above the navel, grab your fist with the other hand. Pull forcefully toward you and upward so that the obstruction is removed through the mouth. Check after each compression if the object removed. A maximum of 5 times.
Capillaries:Small blood vessels. Blood seeps slowly from the wound.
Abrasions:Superficial but painful. Clean with lukewarm water and disinfect if necessary.
Cut and stab wounds:Undetlying tissues, such as tendons, muscles, and bones, may be damaged. Leave objects in place and immobilize.
Tear wounds and bite wounds:Consider the risk of infection. Seek advice from professional help.
Amputation:In the beginning, it may not bleed much. Apply a pressure bandage to the wound and place the amputated body part in a plastic baf with sterile gauze, then put it in a second bag filled with ice. Keep the body part from direct contact with the ice.
BOne fracture, Fracture:There are open, closed. and complicated fractures. Splint the fracture and call 112 or, if possible, go to the hospital yourself. In the case of an open fracture, cover the wound with sterile gauze.
Spinal cord injury:Keep the head motionless and ask the victim to ramain as still as possible.
Clinical picture:A collection of characteristics that distinguish a person with the condition from healthy individuals.
Diabetes:Diabetes mellitus.
Hyperglycemia:Elevated blood suger levels.
Hypoglycemia:Low blood sugar levels.
Epilepsy:Certain types of seizures originating in the brain.
Stroke:Symptoms include weakness/paralysis, speech impairment, double vision, dizziness, and headache.
Cerebral infarction:A clot obstructing a blood vessel, causing insufficient oxygen supply to the brain.
Cerebral hemorrhage:Occurs when there is a small tear in a blood vessel in the brain.
Eye injury:Can occur due to metal, glass, or wood splinters, sharp objects, dirt, sand, or chemicals.
Contusion:A bruise or swelling.
Sprain:Occurs at joints. The surrounding capsules are torn, pinched, or stretched.
Fainting:A brief loss of consciousness.
Concussion:A mild form of brain injury caused by a fall or blow to the head.
Cerebral contusion:Occurs when the victim is unconscious for a long time, experiences memory loss and appears confused.
Hyperventilation:Common duing anxiety or stress. It’s rapid breathing that removes too much carbon dioxide from the blood.
Heat cramps: The body temperature rises so high that the body can no longer cool down.
Heat exhaustion:The victim experiences severe headaches and dizziness, nausea and vomiting, pale skin, and excessive sweating.
Heat stroke:The victim has a red, dry skin, restlessness, and rapd deep breathing.
Poisoning:The victim has ingested poison through the mouth, skin, or airway.
Allergies:A reaction of the immune system to foreign substances.